Body Armor

History

  1. Spans millennia, from ancient civilizations to contemporary advancements. Let’s explore its journey:
  2. Ancient peoples, including those in Egypt and China around 3100 BC, pioneered early forms of body armor to protect warriors from projectiles.
  3. Plate armor, worn by knights from the 5th to 15th centuries, offered comprehensive protection against swords and arrows.
  4. The Industrial Revolution, occurring from the late 18th to early 20th centuries, facilitated the development of stronger ballistic protection through refined metalworking techniques.
  5. World Wars I and II, which took place in the early to mid-20th century, witnessed significant advancements in ballistic armor technology, leading to the introduction of vests fortified with steel or ceramic plates.
  6. In recent decades, there have been groundbreaking strides in body armor technology, focusing on lightweight, flexible designs and advanced materials like Kevlar and Dyneema.
  7. In the United States, body armor undergoes rigorous testing and certification by the National Institute of Justice, ensuring adherence to stringent standards for ballistic protection, as outlined in the NIJ 0101.06 standard.

Today

  1. Not all armor can withstand multiple hits, and repeated shots in the same location can compromise its effectiveness.
  2. Being shot while wearing armor can still cause significant harm, such as broken ribs, internal bleeding, or bruising.
  3. Armor varies greatly in price, materials, and quality.
  4. Armor is designed to defeat specific rounds and calibers, not all threats.
  5. Steel plates alone are ineffective and can cause harm due to bullet fragmentation.

Factors to consider

  1. Ballistics, cost, and weight are key factors in choosing armor.
  2. You can prioritize two out of three factors: cost, weight, or ballistic performance.
  3. For most civilians, cost is a primary consideration.
  4. Weight is crucial, as heavy armor can impair mobility and increase the risk of injury.

Types of armor

  1. Soft armor is made of ballistic fibers like Kevlar or UHMWP and is concealable and flexible. Suitable for everyday wear but will not stop rifle rounds. It is preferred by police officers and security professionals, made of thick layers of tough fabric to spread impact
  2. Hard armor consists of plates made from materials like UHMWP, ceramic, or steel and requires a carrier. It offers better protection against projectiles & is popular among civillians but is bulkier and less concealable. It is heavier and less flexible than soft armor, suitable for real combat scenarios with high NIJ protection ratings.

Threat considerations

  1. Different armor levels protect against specific threats, with soft armor mainly for pistol rounds and hard armor for rifles.
  2. Ballistic armor levels vary, and it’s essential to familiarize yourself with each level’s capabilities.

Microgreens

In emergencies, microgreens are vital for nutrition. Popular types like beets, Swiss chard, and broccoli offer both flavor and health benefits. With over sixty varieties available, microgreens are packed with nutrients, containing up to 40% more phytochemicals than their mature counterparts.

These tiny greens are rich in fiber and vitamin K, which can help lower blood pressure and support heart health. Some, like broccoli sprouts, may even help fight cancer due to compounds like sulforaphane. Additionally, research shows that red cabbage microgreens can lower LDL cholesterol and promote gut health by acting as prebiotics.

Quick and easy to incorporate into salads, soups, or sandwiches, microgreens are a bounty of health-supporting components. Whether in an emergency or daily life, adding microgreens to your diet can boost your health and well-being.

Microgreens Without Soil

Know as growing hydroponically.

1. Choose Your Growing Medium:

  • Coconut Coir: Affordable and requires pre-soaking.
  • Clay Pebbles: Porous and reusable, provide excellent air circulation.
  • Hemp Growing Mats: Less messy but more expensive.
  • Vermiculite: Lightweight, sterile, and retains water well.

2. Gather Your Supplies:

  • Seeds: Look for untreated microgreen seeds.
  • Growing Trays: Choose hydroponic trays without drainage holes.
  • Growing Lights: LED grow lights or direct sunlight.
  • pH Testing Kits: Maintain water pH around 6.
  • Nutrients or Fertilizers: Specifically designed for hydroponic use.
  • Spray Bottle: Ensure it’s clean and free of chemicals.

3. Prepare Your Water:

  • Use distilled or rainwater if possible.
  • Test pH and adjust as needed.
  • Add nutrients to the water.

4. Fill the Trays:

  • Spread growing medium evenly in trays.
  • Plant seeds evenly across the medium.

5. Keep Them Moist:

  • Mist seeds with water to keep them moist.
  • Cover trays to maintain moisture or keep in a dark area.

6. Germinate the Seeds:

  • Keep trays warm (around 70°F) for 3-4 days.
  • Ensure airflow to prevent mold growth.
  • Continue misting every 12 hours.

7. Place Under Grow Lights:

  • After germination, move trays under grow lights.
  • Use the dry and soak method for watering.
  • Remove excess water after 10-20 minutes.

8. Wait and Harvest:

  • Microgreens will be ready in about two weeks.
  • Harvest when true leaves appear.
  • Use sharp scissors to cut stems.
  • Consume harvested microgreens the same day for maximum freshness and nutrition.

Protein Rich Microgreens

A concise guide to cultivating protein rich plants, suitable for both urban and rural settings, to ensure sustained nutrition in the face of potential disruptions.

At a Glance

  1. Beans: Legumes are renowned for their protein content and adaptability to diverse growing conditions. While beans are not as commonly grown as microgreens compared to other plants like kale or radishes, some bean varieties, such as mung beans and adzuki beans, are suitable for microgreen production.
  2. Broccoli: This cruciferous vegetable not only provides essential nutrients but also serves as a valuable protein source.
  3. Corn: A staple crop worldwide, corn offers both sustenance and protein, particularly when harvested at the right stage.
  4. Edamame (soy): Soybeans are a complete protein source and can be cultivated in various climates, making them a versatile addition to any survival garden.
  5. Kale: Known for its resilience and nutritional density, kale is an excellent choice for protein rich greens.
  6. Parsley: Often overlooked, parsley is not only a flavorful herb but also contains notable amounts of protein.
  7. Peas: Whether consumed fresh or dried, peas are a valuable protein source and can be easily grown in small spaces.
  8. Quinoa: Considered a superfood for its nutritional profile, quinoa is a complete protein source and thrives in diverse environments.
  9. Spinach: Rich in vitamins and minerals, spinach is also surprisingly high in protein, making it a valuable addition to any diet.
  10. Sunflower: Beyond its seeds’ nutritional value, sunflower foliage offers protein rich greens for consumption.

Cultivating these protein rich plants can be achieved in various settings, from urban balconies to rural homesteads. Container gardening allows for flexibility and space optimization, while traditional ground cultivation ensures optimal growth and yield for larger crops like corn and sunflower.

During colder months or in regions with limited sunlight, indoor cultivation becomes essential. Utilizing artificial lighting and proper temperature control can sustain plant growth year-round, ensuring a steady protein supply regardless of external conditions.

Additionally, incorporating sprouts and microgreens into your diet provides a quick and efficient means of boosting protein intake. Simple steps, such as rinsing and soaking seeds, facilitate sprout growth within days, while microgreens offer crunchy, nutrient-rich greens in a matter of weeks.

Growing & Harvesting Details

  1. Beans:
    • Height: Varies (1 to 10 feet)
    • Microgreen Harvest: Beans are not typically grown as microgreens.
    • Maturity: 50-70 days
    • Water Requirements: Regular watering is necessary for bean plants to thrive.
    • Light Needs: Beans require full sun for optimal growth.
  2. Broccoli:
    • Height: 18-30 inches
    • Microgreen Harvest: Microgreens can be harvested when they reach 1-2 inches in height, typically within 1-2 weeks after sowing.
    • Maturity: 60-100 days
    • Water Requirements: Consistent moisture is essential for broccoli’s growth as both microgreens and mature plants.
    • Light Needs: Full sun is preferred for broccoli, though it can tolerate partial shade.
  3. Corn:
    • Height: 6-10 feet
    • Microgreen Harvest: Corn is not typically grown as microgreens.
    • Maturity: 60-100 days
    • Water Requirements: Consistent moisture is crucial for corn’s growth.
    • Light Needs: Corn requires full sun for optimal growth.
  4. Edamame (Soy):
    • Height: Varies (2 to 5 feet)
    • Microgreen Harvest: Edamame is not typically grown as microgreens.
    • Maturity: 80-120 days
    • Water Requirements: Consistent moisture is crucial for soybean plants.
    • Light Needs: Full sun is necessary for soybean growth.
  5. Kale:
    • Height: 1 to 3 feet
    • Microgreen Harvest: Microgreens can be harvested when they reach 1-2 inches in height, typically within 1-2 weeks after sowing.
    • Maturity: 50-70 days
    • Water Requirements: Consistently moist soil is crucial for kale’s development, whether as microgreens or mature plants.
    • Light Needs: Kale prefers full sun but can tolerate partial shade.
  6. Parsley:
    • Height: 6-12 inches
    • Microgreen Harvest: Microgreens can be harvested when they reach 1-2 inches in height, typically within 2-3 weeks after sowing.
    • Maturity: 70-90 days
    • Water Requirements: Evenly moist soil is essential for parsley’s growth, whether as microgreens or mature plants.
    • Light Needs: Parsley can thrive in partial shade to full sun conditions.
  7. Peas:
    • Height: Varies (1 to 6 feet)
    • Microgreen Harvest: Microgreens can be harvested when they reach 2-3 inches in height, typically within 2-3 weeks after sowing.
    • Maturity: 60-90 days
    • Water Requirements: Peas require regular watering to support their growth, whether as microgreens or mature plants.
    • Light Needs: Full sun is necessary for optimal pea growth.
  8. Quinoa:
    • Height: 3-6 feet
    • Microgreen Harvest: Quinoa is not typically grown as microgreens.
    • Maturity: 90-120 days
    • Water Requirements: Moderate moisture levels are required for quinoa plants.
    • Light Needs: Quinoa requires full sun for optimal growth.
  9. Spinach:
    • Height: 6-12 inches
    • Microgreen Harvest: Microgreens can be harvested when they reach 1-2 inches in height, typically within 1-2 weeks after sowing. Maturity: 30-50 days
    • Water Requirements: Spinach prefers consistently moist soil to support its rapid growth as both microgreens and mature plants.
    • Light Needs: Full sun is preferred for spinach, but it can tolerate partial shade.
  10. Sunflower:
    • Height: Varies (2 to 12 feet)
    • Microgreen Harvest: Microgreens can be harvested when they reach 1-2 inches in height, typically within 1-2 weeks after sowing.
    • Maturity: 70-100 days
    • Water Requirements: Regular watering is necessary for sunflowers to thrive.
    • Light Needs: Sunflowers require full sun for optimal growth.

Radiation

Safe Water

  • Radioactive contamination affects drinking water. Use reverse osmosis, carbon filtration, or ion exchange for proper decontamination.
  • Invest in radiological filtration systems to remove radioactive isotopes, ensuring safe drinking water.

Radioprotective Agents

  • Baking soda, dietary pectin, and potassium iodide tablets reduce radiation risks to the thyroid, kidneys, and sensitive tissues. See ThryoSafe in our store.

How Radiation Is Measured

  • The Sievert measures biological risk, with most Geiger counters reporting exposure in millisieverts (mSv) or microsieverts (uSv).
  • Daily radiation levels are typically measured in uSv, while annual doses are measured in mSv.

Reading a Geiger Counter

  • Geiger counters show microsieverts per hour (uSv/Hr) and may also display total absorbition.
  • Limiting hourly radiation exposure to 5.7 uSv per hour is advisable.

Safe Radiation Levels

  • No more than 1 mSv per year is recommended (20 mSV for radiation workers).

MIRA products offer protection from radiation. Read more here.

Flood

Causes of Flooding

  • Heavy rain over several days or intense rainfall in a short period.
  • Debris or ice jams blocking rivers or streams, causing overflow.
  • Failure of water control structures like levees or dams.

Flood-Prone Areas

  • Valleys, plains, canyons, swamplands, coasts, and near large bodies of water.
  • Hurricanes pose significant flooding risks, especially in saturated areas.

Before Floods

  • Stay informed through radio, TV, or cellphone alerts.
  • Differentiate between flood watch (possible flooding) and flood warning (flooding imminent).
  • Prepare an emergency survival kit with essentials for at least three days.
  • Clear drainage systems to prevent property damage.

Evacuate if Necessary

  • Head for higher ground immediately when a flood warning is issued.
  • Secure your home before evacuating, bringing essential items to higher floors.
  • Turn off utilities and disconnect electrical appliances to avoid hazards.

Flash Flooding

  • Act immediately if flash flooding is possible; move to higher ground.
  • Be cautious near streams, drainage channels, and canyons, where flash floods can occur suddenly.

Safety Precautions

  • Avoid walking or driving through floodwaters; six inches of moving water can knock you off your feet.
  • If driving, do not attempt to cross flooded roads; turn around and find an alternate route.
  • Remember, even shallow floodwater can sweep away vehicles.

Remember: “Turn around, don’t drown!” Take flooding seriously and prioritize safety at all times.

Fire Starting

Step 1: Choose a Safe Location

  • Locate an area clear of flammable materials like dry grass, leaves, or overhanging branches.
  • Clear the ground within a 10-foot radius to create a safe zone.
  • Find a spot sheltered from wind to prevent the fire from spreading uncontrollably.

Step 2: Gather Firewood

  • Collect tinder, kindling, and firewood from the surroundings.
  • Tinder: Dry materials like small twigs, leaves, or paper that catch fire easily.
  • Kindling: Small sticks about the thickness of a pencil.
  • Firewood: Larger pieces, as thick as an adult’s wrist, preferably dry.

Step 3: Build the Fire

  • Arrange the tinder in the center of your fire pit or chosen location.
  • Construct a teepee or cone shape with kindling over the tinder, allowing for airflow.
  • Surround the kindling with larger pieces of firewood in a log cabin or pyramid structure, ensuring proper ventilation.
  • Consider building a windbreak with rocks or logs if it’s windy.
  • Optionally, utilize flint and steel to ignite the tinder by directing sparks onto it.

Step 4: Light the Fire

  • Ignite the tinder using matches, striking them away from your body.
  • Encourage flame growth by blowing gently on the fire.
  • Gradually add more firewood once the tinder and kindling are burning steadily.

Step 5: Tend to the Fire

  • Monitor the fire closely, adding more wood as needed to maintain a steady flame.
  • Use a stick or fire poker to adjust burning logs and ensure even combustion.
  • Keep a bucket of water nearby for quick extinguishing if necessary.

Step 6: Extinguish the Fire

  • Allow the fire to burn down to hot coals before extinguishing.
  • Pour water from the bucket over the flames, starting from the outside and moving inward.
  • Stir the ashes and embers to thoroughly douse any remaining heat.
  • Check for warmth in the ashes using the back of your hand.

Safety Tips

  • Maintain vigilance over the fire at all times.
  • Keep a safe distance to prevent burns.
  • Supervise children and pets near the fire.
  • Ensure complete extinguishment before leaving the area.

Solar Power


Solar generators are straightforward systems that convert solar energy into usable power. Here’s a simplified breakdown:

Components:

  1. Battery: Stores collected solar energy.
    • Types: Lithium-ion (long-lasting, efficient) or Lead-acid (less expensive).
  2. Charge Controller: Regulates solar panel charging to protect the battery.
  3. Inverter: Converts stored DC energy into AC power for appliances.

How It Works:

  1. Solar panels collect sunlight.
  2. Charge controller manages panel output, preventing overcharging.
  3. Energy is stored in the battery.
  4. Inverter converts stored energy to usable AC power.
  5. Appliances and devices are powered.

Advanced solar generators include features like circuit breakers to prevent electrical overload.

Solar generators offer several advantages over traditional gas generators:

  • Easier maintenance with fewer moving parts.
  • Lower noise pollution.
  • Indoor use without fumes.
  • Customizable setups for various needs.
  • Longer off-grid power with solar charging.

You can find portable solar power equipment in our store.

Nuclear War

Sébastien Philippe’s December 2023 analysis in Scientific American, he paints a stark picture of what a nuclear attack on U.S. missile silos could mean for both urban and rural communities. But there’s hope. By taking proactive steps, we can maximize our chances of survival, regardless of where we call home.

Picture this: you’re in the heart of the city or out on the open plains, surrounded by the hustle and bustle of daily life. Suddenly, the sky darkens, and the world goes eerily quiet as the sirens wail in the distance. It’s a scenario none of us want to face, but it’s crucial to be prepared.

Timing is everything. In the event of a nuclear blast, every second counts. You’ll have mere minutes to find shelter before radioactive fallout begins to descend. That’s why it’s essential to have a plan in place and know where to seek refuge, whether it’s a sturdy building in the city or a reinforced cellar on the farm.

Distance plays a key role in your survival. The farther you are from ground zero, the better your chances of avoiding the brunt of the blast. For urban dwellers, this might mean seeking out underground shelters or fortified buildings. In rural areas, sturdy barns or silos could provide crucial protection.

Stock up on essentials. Just like preparing for a storm or natural disaster, having ample food, water, and medical supplies on hand can make all the difference. Plan to hunker down for at least 24 to 48 hours, or longer if radiation levels remain high.

Stay informed. Keep a battery-powered radio or emergency alert system handy to stay updated on the situation. Government agencies will provide guidance on when it’s safe to venture outside and where to find assistance if needed.

Protect yourself. Dust masks, gloves, and long sleeves can shield you from harmful radioactive particles. Monitor radiation levels with a Geiger counter and avoid unnecessary exposure until it’s deemed safe.

Local Nuclear Attack

  1. Seek Shelter Immediately: Your best chance of survival after a nuclear blast is to get into a robust structure as quickly as possible. Avoid getting in a car, as vehicles offer little protection from fallout radiation.
  2. Stay Indoors and Stay Put: Once you’re in a shelter, stay there and avoid going outside. Thick walls and below-ground areas provide the best protection from fallout radiation.
  3. Listen to Emergency Broadcasts: Tune in to emergency broadcasts using a hand-cranked radio. Emergency providers will broadcast instructions, track the fallout cloud, and identify safe corridors for escape.
  4. Wait Before Venturing Outside: Gamma radiation levels decrease exponentially after a nuclear blast as radioactive isotopes decay. Waiting 12 to 24 hours before venturing outside can significantly reduce your exposure to harmful radiation.
  5. Consider Shelter Quality: If you’re in a flimsy shelter, consider moving to a stronger one or a basement for better protection.

See our Radiation Quick Guide