Safe Water

  • Radioactive contamination affects drinking water. Use reverse osmosis, carbon filtration, or ion exchange for proper decontamination.
  • Invest in radiological filtration systems to remove radioactive isotopes, ensuring safe drinking water.

Radioprotective Agents

  • Baking soda, dietary pectin, and potassium iodide tablets reduce radiation risks to the thyroid, kidneys, and sensitive tissues. See ThryoSafe in our store.

How Radiation Is Measured

  • The Sievert measures biological risk, with most Geiger counters reporting exposure in millisieverts (mSv) or microsieverts (uSv).
  • Daily radiation levels are typically measured in uSv, while annual doses are measured in mSv.

Reading a Geiger Counter

  • Geiger counters show microsieverts per hour (uSv/Hr) and may also display total absorbition.
  • Limiting hourly radiation exposure to 5.7 uSv per hour is advisable.

Safe Radiation Levels

  • No more than 1 mSv per year is recommended (20 mSV for radiation workers).

MIRA products offer protection from radiation. Read more here.


Causes of Flooding

  • Heavy rain over several days or intense rainfall in a short period.
  • Debris or ice jams blocking rivers or streams, causing overflow.
  • Failure of water control structures like levees or dams.

Flood-Prone Areas

  • Valleys, plains, canyons, swamplands, coasts, and near large bodies of water.
  • Hurricanes pose significant flooding risks, especially in saturated areas.

Before Floods

  • Stay informed through radio, TV, or cellphone alerts.
  • Differentiate between flood watch (possible flooding) and flood warning (flooding imminent).
  • Prepare an emergency survival kit with essentials for at least three days.
  • Clear drainage systems to prevent property damage.

Evacuate if Necessary

  • Head for higher ground immediately when a flood warning is issued.
  • Secure your home before evacuating, bringing essential items to higher floors.
  • Turn off utilities and disconnect electrical appliances to avoid hazards.

Flash Flooding

  • Act immediately if flash flooding is possible; move to higher ground.
  • Be cautious near streams, drainage channels, and canyons, where flash floods can occur suddenly.

Safety Precautions

  • Avoid walking or driving through floodwaters; six inches of moving water can knock you off your feet.
  • If driving, do not attempt to cross flooded roads; turn around and find an alternate route.
  • Remember, even shallow floodwater can sweep away vehicles.

Remember: “Turn around, don’t drown!” Take flooding seriously and prioritize safety at all times.

Fire Starting

Step 1: Choose a Safe Location

  • Locate an area clear of flammable materials like dry grass, leaves, or overhanging branches.
  • Clear the ground within a 10-foot radius to create a safe zone.
  • Find a spot sheltered from wind to prevent the fire from spreading uncontrollably.

Step 2: Gather Firewood

  • Collect tinder, kindling, and firewood from the surroundings.
  • Tinder: Dry materials like small twigs, leaves, or paper that catch fire easily.
  • Kindling: Small sticks about the thickness of a pencil.
  • Firewood: Larger pieces, as thick as an adult’s wrist, preferably dry.

Step 3: Build the Fire

  • Arrange the tinder in the center of your fire pit or chosen location.
  • Construct a teepee or cone shape with kindling over the tinder, allowing for airflow.
  • Surround the kindling with larger pieces of firewood in a log cabin or pyramid structure, ensuring proper ventilation.
  • Consider building a windbreak with rocks or logs if it’s windy.
  • Optionally, utilize flint and steel to ignite the tinder by directing sparks onto it.

Step 4: Light the Fire

  • Ignite the tinder using matches, striking them away from your body.
  • Encourage flame growth by blowing gently on the fire.
  • Gradually add more firewood once the tinder and kindling are burning steadily.

Step 5: Tend to the Fire

  • Monitor the fire closely, adding more wood as needed to maintain a steady flame.
  • Use a stick or fire poker to adjust burning logs and ensure even combustion.
  • Keep a bucket of water nearby for quick extinguishing if necessary.

Step 6: Extinguish the Fire

  • Allow the fire to burn down to hot coals before extinguishing.
  • Pour water from the bucket over the flames, starting from the outside and moving inward.
  • Stir the ashes and embers to thoroughly douse any remaining heat.
  • Check for warmth in the ashes using the back of your hand.

Safety Tips

  • Maintain vigilance over the fire at all times.
  • Keep a safe distance to prevent burns.
  • Supervise children and pets near the fire.
  • Ensure complete extinguishment before leaving the area.

Solar Power

Solar generators are straightforward systems that convert solar energy into usable power. Here’s a simplified breakdown:


  1. Battery: Stores collected solar energy.
    • Types: Lithium-ion (long-lasting, efficient) or Lead-acid (less expensive).
  2. Charge Controller: Regulates solar panel charging to protect the battery.
  3. Inverter: Converts stored DC energy into AC power for appliances.

How It Works:

  1. Solar panels collect sunlight.
  2. Charge controller manages panel output, preventing overcharging.
  3. Energy is stored in the battery.
  4. Inverter converts stored energy to usable AC power.
  5. Appliances and devices are powered.

Advanced solar generators include features like circuit breakers to prevent electrical overload.

Solar generators offer several advantages over traditional gas generators:

  • Easier maintenance with fewer moving parts.
  • Lower noise pollution.
  • Indoor use without fumes.
  • Customizable setups for various needs.
  • Longer off-grid power with solar charging.

You can find portable solar power equipment in our store.

Nuclear War

Sébastien Philippe’s December 2023 analysis in Scientific American, he paints a stark picture of what a nuclear attack on U.S. missile silos could mean for both urban and rural communities. But there’s hope. By taking proactive steps, we can maximize our chances of survival, regardless of where we call home.

Picture this: you’re in the heart of the city or out on the open plains, surrounded by the hustle and bustle of daily life. Suddenly, the sky darkens, and the world goes eerily quiet as the sirens wail in the distance. It’s a scenario none of us want to face, but it’s crucial to be prepared.

Timing is everything. In the event of a nuclear blast, every second counts. You’ll have mere minutes to find shelter before radioactive fallout begins to descend. That’s why it’s essential to have a plan in place and know where to seek refuge, whether it’s a sturdy building in the city or a reinforced cellar on the farm.

Distance plays a key role in your survival. The farther you are from ground zero, the better your chances of avoiding the brunt of the blast. For urban dwellers, this might mean seeking out underground shelters or fortified buildings. In rural areas, sturdy barns or silos could provide crucial protection.

Stock up on essentials. Just like preparing for a storm or natural disaster, having ample food, water, and medical supplies on hand can make all the difference. Plan to hunker down for at least 24 to 48 hours, or longer if radiation levels remain high.

Stay informed. Keep a battery-powered radio or emergency alert system handy to stay updated on the situation. Government agencies will provide guidance on when it’s safe to venture outside and where to find assistance if needed.

Protect yourself. Dust masks, gloves, and long sleeves can shield you from harmful radioactive particles. Monitor radiation levels with a Geiger counter and avoid unnecessary exposure until it’s deemed safe.

Local Nuclear Attack

  1. Seek Shelter Immediately: Your best chance of survival after a nuclear blast is to get into a robust structure as quickly as possible. Avoid getting in a car, as vehicles offer little protection from fallout radiation.
  2. Stay Indoors and Stay Put: Once you’re in a shelter, stay there and avoid going outside. Thick walls and below-ground areas provide the best protection from fallout radiation.
  3. Listen to Emergency Broadcasts: Tune in to emergency broadcasts using a hand-cranked radio. Emergency providers will broadcast instructions, track the fallout cloud, and identify safe corridors for escape.
  4. Wait Before Venturing Outside: Gamma radiation levels decrease exponentially after a nuclear blast as radioactive isotopes decay. Waiting 12 to 24 hours before venturing outside can significantly reduce your exposure to harmful radiation.
  5. Consider Shelter Quality: If you’re in a flimsy shelter, consider moving to a stronger one or a basement for better protection.

See our Radiation Quick Guide

Day 1

  1. Water: Securing a clean and safe water source is the most critical priority as dehydration can set in quickly. Purify water for immediate consumption to prevent dehydration and ensure hydration.
  2. Shelter: While important for protection from the elements, finding shelter can sometimes be less urgent on day 1 if weather conditions are favorable. However, it’s still essential to identify a safe shelter as soon as possible to avoid exposure to the elements.
  3. Security: Ensuring personal safety and security is crucial from the outset, especially in potentially dangerous situations. Basic self-defense measures can help protect against immediate threats, but fortifying shelter and establishing secure perimeters can wait until after securing water and shelter.
  4. Food: While essential for long-term survival, the need for food is less urgent on day 1 compared to water and shelter. Focus on securing water and shelter first before addressing food needs. However, if food is readily available, it can provide much-needed energy and sustenance.
  5. Medical: Basic first aid skills are valuable for addressing minor injuries and illnesses, but they may not be immediately necessary on day 1 unless faced with an emergency medical situation. Prioritize water, shelter, and security before focusing on medical needs.
  6. Community: While community support is valuable for long-term survival, establishing connections and networks can wait until basic needs like water, shelter, and security are addressed. Once immediate survival needs are met, building relationships within the community becomes more important for long-term resilience.
  7. Communication: While communication is essential for coordinating with others and receiving updates, it’s generally less urgent on day 1 compared to immediate survival needs like water, shelter, and security. Focus on addressing basic needs first before prioritizing communication methods.

Water Storage

One of the most common questions during emergency preparedness is how long water can be safely stored. Let’s delve into practical methods to ensure your stored water remains safe for consumption.

  1. Understanding Water Categories:
    • Wild Water: Natural sources like rainwater or streams.
    • Stored Water: Treated at a municipal site and often supplemented with additives like chlorine.
    • Treated Water: Chemically treated, filtered, or purified through various methods.
  2. Why Water Goes Bad:
    • Microorganisms: Can render water undrinkable or toxic.
    • Chemical Contamination: From previous non-water substances or improper containers.
    • Surrounding Chemicals: Leaching from the environment.
  3. Proper Storage Methods:
    • Container: Use opaque, food-grade containers to prevent light exposure and chemical leaching.
    • Additives: Consider adding chlorine or hydrogen peroxide to inhibit microbial growth.
    • Airtight Seal: Keep containers sealed to prevent air exchange and contamination.
    • Temperature Stability: Store in a cool, stable environment to prevent bacterial proliferation.
  4. Recommended Chemical Additions:
    • Chlorine: 8 drops of 6% sodium hypochlorite bleach per gallon.
    • Hydrogen Peroxide: 8 drops of 3% hydrogen peroxide per gallon.
  5. Avoiding Chemical Contamination:
    • Use only containers labeled as food-grade or specifically designed for water storage.
    • Avoid reusing containers that previously held non-water substances.
  6. Storage Quantity:
    • Aim for at least a three-week supply per person and pet.
    • General rule: 1 gallon per person per day, but consider storing more.
  7. Water Rotation:
    • While technically water can be stored indefinitely if properly treated, it’s advisable to rotate every six months.
    • Rotation ensures water remains fresh and helps identify any storage issues early on.
  8. Testing and Treatment:
    • Before consuming stored water, filter and aerate it to improve taste and remove any lingering chemicals.
    • Have multiple filtration options on hand for safety.
  9. Continuous Monitoring:
    • Regularly check stored water for any signs of discoloration, odor, or taste abnormalities.
    • Stay informed about local water quality reports and adjust storage and treatment methods accordingly.

By following these guidelines, you can confidently store water for emergencies, ensuring a safe and reliable supply for you and your family. Remember, preparedness is key to staying safe in uncertain situations.